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Sunday, October 11, 2020 | History

1 edition of Problems of the management of irrigated land in areas of traditional and modern cultivation found in the catalog.

Problems of the management of irrigated land in areas of traditional and modern cultivation

Problems of the management of irrigated land in areas of traditional and modern cultivation

report of an inter-congress meeting of the International Geographical Union Working Group on Resource Management in Drylands, 22-31 March, 1982, El Minia, Egypt

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Published by IGU Working Group in Hamburg .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Developing countries
    • Subjects:
    • Irrigation engineering -- Congresses.,
    • Irrigation engineering -- Developing countries -- Congresses.,
    • Conservation of natural resources -- Developing countries -- Congresses.,
    • Arid regions agriculture -- Developing countries -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographies.

      Statementedited by Horst G. Mensching, assistant editor Viola Haarmann.
      ContributionsMensching, Horst., Haarmann, Viola., International Geographical Union. Working Group on Resource Management in Drylands.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsTC803 .P76 1982
      The Physical Object
      Pagination174 p. :
      Number of Pages174
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL2984007M
      LC Control Number84235528

      Crop management strategies to enhance the efficient use of marginal and saline lands for nonconventional crops are also discussed. The book is divided into four sections, covering: engineering interventions in irrigation management; technological interventions in management of soil properties; technological inventions for soil and water. Emily Miyanda is luckier than most farmers in hunger-plagued Zambia. With 6 hectares of irrigated land only a dozen kilometres from the capital, Ms. Miyanda produces maize and vegetables for the.

        Cultivated land is defined under China's system as land that includes: (i) land ploughed constantly for growing crops and under cultivation, (ii) land newly cultivated in the current year, (iii) farmland left without cultivation for less than 3 years and fallowed in the current year, (iv) land in a rotation between grass and crops, (v) farmland Cited by: Weed control in modern rice production is a system where irrigation management is integrated with tillage and planting practices as well as herbicides. Williams et al. [ 21 ] reported that weed control was better in fields submerged under 20 cm of water compared to those submerged under 5 cm of water when no herbicides were by: 3.

      Despite deforestation, the Amazon basin rainforest is the largest tropical forest in the world. In Brazil, the largest Amazon country, approximately million square kilometers, or million hectares remain. million hectares are designated indigenous reserves and 25 million hectares as sustainable development reserve and extractive reserves for rubber; all of this forest area is. Irrigation Slide 3 Un-sustainability of Irrigation • Globally, 71% of withdrawn freshwater is used for irrigation • Rivers dammed to collect irrigation water – People living in areas behind the dams are displaced – Wildlife habitat destroyed • Irrigation depletes rivers and aquifers • Irrigation degrades water, soil, and wildlife habitatFile Size: KB.


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Problems of the management of irrigated land in areas of traditional and modern cultivation Download PDF EPUB FB2

Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall. Irrigation also has other uses in crop production, including frost protection, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil.

Since the formation of the Department of Irriga tion and Drainage inirrigated areas for paddy cultivation have progressively increased. By the yearabout ha had been. The regions with the highest den-sity of irrigated land (50 percent or greater of the grid cell)¹ are located mainly in northern Africa in the Nile River Basin (Egypt, Sudan) and in the countries.

Traditional land management is one of the practices that almost small household farmers were tried to implement on their farmland to improve cropland productivity in the study practices were improved the physical structure of the soil by supplying organic matter through decomposition of crop management practices also improve the cropland Price: $ Irrigation in India includes a network of major and minor canals from Indian rivers, groundwater well based systems, tanks, and other rainwater harvesting projects for agricultural activities.

Of these groundwater system is the largest. Inonly about % of total agricultural land in India was reliably irrigated, and remaining 2/3rd cultivated land in India is dependent on.

crops growing with ecologically sound and sustainable methods. No synthetic pesticides or fertilizers. Have a number of environmental advantages such as improving soil fertility, reduce soil erosion, retain more water in soil during drought years, reduces water pollution by recycling livestock wastes, increases biodiversity above and below ground, eliminates pollution from.

The whole land becomes available for cultivation of crops, whereas in traditional irrigation methods, 15 to 20 per cent land remains vacant in depres­sions and boundaries. Modern equipment’s can also be used in it due to absence of depressions and boundaries.

Rate of infiltration is higher in sandy soils where frequency of watering is more. The book goes on to highlight ways to improve soil properties by taking into account spatial, temporal, and spectral variability in soil properties.

The volume also covers various innovative research studies on soil and water productivity of vegetable cultivation under water-stressed areas, application of coir geotextiles, and the role of. Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) Definition: Agricultural irrigated land refers to agricultural areas purposely provided with water, including land irrigated by controlled flooding.

Description: The map below shows how Agricultural irrigated land (% of total agricultural land) varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator.

(3) Electricity came early to Palampur. People say that the electric-run tube wells could irrigate much larger areas of land more effectively. By mids, the entire cultivated area of hectares in Palampur was irrigated. (4) In Palampur, the yield of wheat grown from the traditional varieties was kg.

per hectare. Average yields from irrigated land are twice that from non-irrigated crop land, so that the irrigated land produces one-third of the world food supply.

The impact of irrigated agriculture Grazing land is at 36 percent of its peak value, dryland crop land at 50 percent, and irrigated land at 45 percent. Tropical Geography 2, Khogali, M. () The problem of siltation in Khashm al Girba reservoir: its implication and suggested solutions.

In Problems of the management of irrigated lands in areas of traditional and modern cultivation (H. Mensching, ed.), pp. Cited by: 2. Like other semi-arid areas, the district is characterized with land degradation, unreliable rainfall, repeated water shortage, periodic famine, overgrazing, dry land cultivation in the marginal areas and heavy competition for limited biomass between farmers and cattle.

Vulnerability here is high due to unreliability of weather. No information is available for non-listed countries. The above figures give the number of square kilometers of land area that is artificially supplied with water.

1 square kilometer corresponds to square miles. 1 square meter corresponds to square feet. Recent Advances in Dryland Agriculture. Kiran Yadav (GBPUAT, Pantnagar) Concept. Indian agriculture is predominantly a rainfed agriculture under which both dry farming and dry land agriculture is included.

Dry faring was the earlier concept for which amount of rainfall (less then mm annually) remained the deciding factor for more then 50 years. (3) field management: To ensure students emergence must be irrigated planting bottom water, usually until the emergence of about 70 percent, began pouring the first water, the need to keep the soil moist, to prevent the soil surface compaction, the early seedling stage In pouring small water is appropriate, while the soil after watering see.

However, changing land use patterns may have other impacts on social and economic structure of the project area. Small plots, communal land use rights, and conflicting traditional and legal land rights all create difficulties when land is converted to irrigated agriculture.

Land tenure/ownership patterns are almost certain to be disrupted by. has transformed the Tunisian land and more of traditional agricultural lands were converted into irrigated areas with an irrigated and intensive agriculture.

This policy has increased the total area of irrigable land to ha (, ha public andha private) (Comete Engineering, ; FAO, ). Yields on irrigated land range from what percent higher than on non-irrigated lands.

causes uneven terrain and makes cultivation difficult. potential lost of original seed genetics and traditional varieties. This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - (1) over 3, m (o ft), (2) 2, to 3, m (8, to 10, ft), (3) 1, to 2, m (5, to 8, ft), (4) to 1, m (3, to 5, ft), and (5.

Introduction. The world population is rising continuously and it needs about 60% more food to feed the billion people in (United Nations, ).This can be achieved by either bringing more areas under cultivation or increasing production per Cited by: The Master of Science Programme in "Land and Water Resources Management: Irrigated agriculture" provides a two-year curriculum for graduates holding the title of agricultural or hydraulic engineers.

Access to the 2nd year is only guaranteed to students who have successfully completed the first year and have met all the prerequisites set by the.In such areas, it is important to increase the amount of land available for cultivation each year (e.g. through fallow enrichment using Tephrosia) It is also important, to the extent that markets allow, to encourage a shift out of maize and other low-value crops towards high-value crops such as beans, sunflower, tobacco, vegetables.